Women Film Pioneers

accountants

Bessie Barriscale
Laura Bayley
Aili Kari
Gladys Rosson
Florence Turner

acting teachers

Giulia Cassini-Rizzotto
Aleksandra Khokhlova
Vera McCord
Elvira Notari
Ol’ga Rakhmanova
Emilia Saleny
Stefanía Socha

actresses

Maude Adams
Tsuru Aoki
Teresita Arce
Leah Baird
Dorothea Baird
Hettie Gray Baker
Aloha Wanderwell Baker
Bessie Barriscale
Laura Bayley
Ouida Bergère
Sarah Bernhardt
Francesca Bertini
Marian Constance Blackton
Paula Blackton
Cube Bonifant (a/o). PC
Cube Bonifant
Madeline Brandeis
Bianca Virginia Camagni
Carmen Cartellieri
Giulia Cassini-Rizzotto
Thea Červenková
Elsa Chauvel
Haydée Chikly
May Clark
Helena Cortesina
Grace Cunard
Beatrice deMille
Mimí Derba
Marie Dressler
Mrs. Sidney Drew
Gerd Egede-Nissen
Ada Egede-Nissen
Aud Egede-Nissen
Nell Emerald
Fabienne Fabrèges
Marion Fairfax
Fan Xuepeng
Dot Farley
Dorothy Farnum
Flora Finch
Cissy Fitzgerald
Helen Gardner
Gene Gauntier
Agnes Gavin
Angela Murray Gibson
Lillian Gish
Dorothy Gordon
Ethel Grandin
Corinne Griffith
Elizabeth B. Grimball
Texas Guinan
Máirín Hayes
Lydia Hayward
Gale Henry
Margaret Hepworth
Anna Hofman-Uddgren
Helen Holmes
Possum Paddock (1921) Kate Howarde (d/w/prod). AUC
Kate Howarde
Alice Howell
Pearl Ing
Eugenie Magnus Ingleton
Ida Jenbach
Osa Johnson
Diana Karenne
Aili Kari
Helen Keller
Annette Kellerman
Aleksandra Khokhlova
Florence Lawrence
Marion Leonard
Ray Lewis
Anita Loos
Enid Lorimer
Hope Loring
Louise Lovely
Josephine Lovett
Lottie Lyell
Mary MacLane
Jeanie Macpherson
Cleo Madison
Mary Manning
Frances Marion
Margaret Mayo
Vera McCord
Isabel McDonagh
Elizabeth McGaffey
Jackeydawra Melford
Georgette Méliès
Christiane Mendelys
Bess Meredyth
Beatriz Michelena
Dorothea Mitchell
Mary Murillo
Mae Murray
Musidora
Bedia Muvahhit
Alla Nazimova
Neyyire Neyir
Asta Nielsen
Mabel Normand
Elvira Notari
Harriet Parsons
Olga Petrova
Mary Pickford
Rosa Porten
Pu Shunqing
Ol’ga Rakhmanova
Natacha Rambova
Josephine Rector
Dorothy Davenport Reid
Lotte Reiniger
Cándida Beltrán Rendón
Marguerite Renoir
Alma Reville
Eslanda Robeson
Rosario Rodríguez de la Serna
Alice B. Russell
Emilia Saleny
Emilie Sannom
Carmen Santos
Adela Sequeyro
Nell Shipman
Stella F. Simon
Adriënne Solser
Anita Stewart
Ruth Stonehouse
Gloria Swanson
Daisy Sylvan
Constance Talmadge
Norma Talmadge
Kinuyo Tanaka
Eliane Tayar
Alice Terry
Gertrude Homan Thanhouser
Fay Tincher
Florence Turner
Eve Unsell
Elena Sánchez Valenzuela
Valda Valkyrien
Caroline van Dommelen
Cleo de Verberena
Thea von Harbou
Helen Wang
Lule Warrenton
Lois Weber
Pearl White
Maria P. Williams
Kathlyn Williams
Elsie Jane Wilson
Margery Wilson
Marion E. Wong
Xie Caizhen
Yang Naimei
Clara Kimball Young

adapters

Clara Beranger
Ouida Bergère
Marguerite Bertsch
Beulah Marie Dix
Winnifred Eaton
Dorothy Farnum
Elinor Glyn
María Luz Morales Godoy
Ruth Goetz
Lydia Hayward
Eugenie Magnus Ingleton
Ida Jenbach
Agnes Christine Johnston
Sonya Levien
Josephine Lovett
Blanche MacIntosh
Mary Manning
Frances Marion
Sarah Y. Mason
June Mathis
Margaret Mayo
Vera McCord
Bess Meredyth
Lorna Moon
Mary Murillo
Elvira Notari
Olga Printzlau
Ol’ga Rakhmanova
Lillian Case Russell
Wanda Tuchock
Margaret Turnbull
Eve Unsell
Thea von Harbou
Dorothy Yost

agents

Mabel Condon
Beatrice deMille
Eslanda Robeson
Fanchon Royer

amateur camera operators

Laura Bayley

amateur filmmaker

Marvin Breckinridge
Dorothea Mitchell

amateur filmmaking club co-founder

Mary Manning
Dorothea Mitchell

animal trainers

Helen Holmes
Jane Murfin

film animators

Helena Smith Dayton
Lotte Reiniger

anthropologist

Kathleen Romoli

art directors

Isabel Acuña
Dorothy Gordon
Lottie Lyell
Phyllis McDonagh
Alla Nazimova
Natacha Rambova
Gabriela von Bussenius Vega

artistic consultants

Marguerite Viel

arts magazine editor

Mary Manning

assistant directors

Ruth Ann Baldwin
Elsa Chauvel
Gurly Drangsholt
Alice Guy Blaché
Aleksandra Khokhlova
Jane Loring
Mary Manning
Pu Shunqing
Lotte Reiniger
Alma Reville
Juliet Barrett Rublee
Tazuko Sakane
Eliane Tayar

assistant managers

Maria P. Williams

assistant producers

Elsa Chauvel

assistant sales managers

Marguerite Viel

assistant stage managers

Máirín Hayes

booking clerks

Mona Donaldson

business co-owners

Enid Lorimer
Ada Aline Urban

business owners

Mabel Condon

business partners

May Clark
Marie de Kerstrat
Margaret Hepworth
Enid Lorimer
Isabel McDonagh
Phyllis McDonagh
Paulette McDonagh
Caroline Frances Pugliese
Señora Spencer
Ada Aline Urban

camera operators

Laura Bayley
Marvin Breckinridge
May Clark
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Adriana Ehlers
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Dolores Ehlers
Georgette Méliès
Dorothea Mitchell
Audrey Forfar Shippam

camerawoman

Angela Murray Gibson

carpenters

May Clark

casting directors

Isabel Acuña
Annette Kellerman
Leila Lewis
Louise Lovely

censors

Hettie Gray Baker
Mona Donaldson
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Adriana Ehlers
Marie Louise Gagner
Fernanda Nissen

censorship representatives

Hettie Gray Baker

chief accountants

Aili Kari

chief scenario editors

Marguerite Bertsch
Beta Breuil
Louella Parsons

chief scenario writers

Josephine Rector

chorus girls

Dorothy Gordon
Mae Murray

ciné-club co-founder

Lucie Derain

cinema proprietors

Adelina Barrasa
Renée Deliot
Caroline Frances Pugliese
Señora Spencer

cinematographers

Maude Adams
Aloha Wanderwell Baker
Jessica Elvira Borthwick
Marvin Breckinridge
May Clark
Angela Murray Gibson
Jenny Gilbertson
Osa Johnson
Nancy Naumburg
Lotte Reiniger
Henderina Victoria Scott
Stella F. Simon

co-directors

Nina Agadzhanova-Shutko
Marguerite Bertsch
Mrs. George Randolph Chester
Grace Cunard
Mimí Derba
Mrs. Sidney Drew
Esther Eng
Gene Gauntier
Eloyce King Patrick Gist
Alice Guy Blaché
Possum Paddock (1921) Kate Howarde (d/w/prod). AUC
Kate Howarde
Julia Crawford Ivers
Annette Kellerman
Aleksandra Khokhlova
Louise Kolm-Fleck
Cleo Madison
Frances Marion
Bess Meredyth
Jane Murfin
Musidora
Nancy Naumburg
Mabel Normand
Elvira Notari
Ida May Park
Rosa Porten
Ol’ga Rakhmanova
Lotte Reiniger
Nell Shipman
Adriënne Solser
Eliane Tayar
Alice Terry
Wanda Tuchock
Caroline van Dommelen
Marguerite Viel
Helen Wang

co-editors

Nina Agadzhanova-Shutko
Ol’ga Rakhmanova

co-producers

May Clark
Mrs. Sidney Drew
Eloyce King Patrick Gist
Alice Guy Blaché
Helen Holmes
Louise Kolm-Fleck
Anita Loos
Cleo Madison
Jane Murfin
Musidora

co-screenwriters

Nina Agadzhanova-Shutko
Ruth Ann Baldwin
Carmen Cartellieri
Elsa Chauvel
Mrs. George Randolph Chester
Sada Cowan
Beatrice deMille
Gurly Drangsholt
Mrs. Sidney Drew
Eloyce King Patrick Gist
Ruth Goetz
Dorothy Gordon
Alice Guy Blaché
Anna Hofman-Uddgren
Possum Paddock (1921) Kate Howarde (d/w/prod). AUC
Kate Howarde
Julia Crawford Ivers
Agnes Christine Johnston
Annette Kellerman
Louise Kolm-Fleck
Sonya Levien
Anita Loos
Enid Lorimer
Louise Lovely
Cleo Madison
Sarah Y. Mason
June Mathis
Bess Meredyth
Nancy Naumburg
Olga Petrova
Natacha Rambova
Katri Viita
Anzia Yezierska

co-writers

Mrs. George Randolph Chester

comediennes

Marie Dressler
Flora Finch
Alice Howell
Bess Meredyth
Mabel Normand
Adriënne Solser
Fay Tincher

company co-directors

Nell Emerald
Gene Gauntier
Ellen O’Mara Sullivan
Ada Aline Urban

company directors

Mabel Condon
Nell Emerald
Marion Fairfax
Gene Gauntier
Corinne Griffith
Texas Guinan
Beatriz Michelena
Ellen O’Mara Sullivan
Mary Pickford
Anita Stewart
Eve Unsell
Ada Aline Urban
Marion E. Wong

company executives

May Clark

composers

Corinne Griffith
Alice Smythe Jay
Christiane Mendelys
Cándida Beltrán Rendón
Anita Stewart

conductor

Greta Håkansson

consultants

Elinor Glyn
Marie Stopes
Marguerite Viel

continuities

Elsa Chauvel
Sada Cowan
Sonya Levien
Sarah Y. Mason
Bess Meredyth
Alma Reville
Rose Smith
Eve Unsell

continuity girls

Lenore Coffee

costume designers

Isabel Acuña
Paula Blackton
Elsa Chauvel
May Clark
Lucy Duff-Gordon
Annette Kellerman
Ray Lewis
Alla Nazimova
Natacha Rambova
Florence Turner
Clare West
Marion E. Wong
Yang Naimei

critics

Iris Barry
Cube Bonifant (a/o). PC
Cube Bonifant
Thea Červenková
Mabel Condon
Lucie Derain
María Luz Morales Godoy
Possum Paddock (1921) Kate Howarde (d/w/prod). AUC
Kate Howarde
Caroline Lejeune
Ray Lewis
Leila Lewis
Hope Loring
Mary Manning
Christiane Mendelys
Mary Lawton Metcalfe
Fernanda Nissen
Fanchon Royer
Matilde Serao
Eliane Tayar
Beatrice Maude Tildesley
Elena Sánchez Valenzuela
Gabriela von Bussenius Vega

dancer

Cissy Fitzgerald
Ray Lewis

dialogue director

Elsa Chauvel

dialogue writers

Marguerite Viel

directing teacher

Aleksandra Khokhlova

directors

Nina Agadzhanova-Shutko
Alicia Armstrong de Vicuña
Dorothy Arzner
Aloha Wanderwell Baker
Ruth Ann Baldwin
Sarah Bernhardt
Francesca Bertini
Marguerite Bertsch
Paula Blackton
Madeline Brandeis
Marvin Breckinridge
Beta Breuil
Bianca Virginia Camagni
Giulia Cassini-Rizzotto
Thea Červenková
Elsa Chauvel
Mrs. George Randolph Chester
Helena Cortesina
Grace Cunard
Helena Smith Dayton
Lucie Derain
Mimí Derba
Gurly Drangsholt
Mrs. Sidney Drew
Lillian Ducey
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Adriana Ehlers
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Dolores Ehlers
Esther Eng
Fabienne Fabrèges
Marion Fairfax
Dot Farley
Helen Gardner
Gene Gauntier
Elvira Giallanella
Angela Murray Gibson
Jenny Gilbertson
Lillian Gish
Eloyce King Patrick Gist
Elinor Glyn
Elizabeth B. Grimball
Alice Guy Blaché
Anna Hofman-Uddgren
Helen Holmes
Possum Paddock (1921) Kate Howarde (d/w/prod). AUC
Kate Howarde
Zora Neale Hurston
Eugenie Magnus Ingleton
Julia Crawford Ivers
Ida Jenbach
Osa Johnson
Diana Karenne
Annette Kellerman
Aleksandra Khokhlova
Louise Kolm-Fleck
Jane Loring
Louise Lovely
Lottie Lyell
Jeanie Macpherson
Cleo Madison
Mary Manning
Frances Marion
June Mathis
Vera McCord
Paulette McDonagh
Jackeydawra Melford
Bess Meredyth
Dorothea Mitchell
Jane Murfin
Musidora
Nancy Naumburg
Alla Nazimova
Mabel Normand
Elvira Notari
Ruth Bryan Owen
Ida May Park
Harriet Parsons
Elizabeth Chevalier Pickett
Rosa Porten
Pu Shunqing
Ol’ga Rakhmanova
Dorothy Davenport Reid
Lotte Reiniger
Cándida Beltrán Rendón
Alma Reville
Rosario Rodríguez de la Serna
Juliet Barrett Rublee
Tazuko Sakane
Emilia Saleny
Carmen Santos
Adela Sequeyro
Nell Shipman
Esfir Shub
Stella F. Simon
Adriënne Solser
Tressie Souders
Ruth Stonehouse
Daisy Sylvan
Kinuyo Tanaka
Eliane Tayar
Alice Terry
Fay Tincher
Carmen Toscano
Wanda Tuchock
Florence Turner
Elena Sánchez Valenzuela
Caroline van Dommelen
Cleo de Verberena
Marguerite Viel
Gabriela von Bussenius Vega
Thea von Harbou
Helen Wang
Lule Warrenton
Lois Weber
Kathlyn Williams
Elsie Jane Wilson
Margery Wilson
Marion E. Wong
Xie Caizhen

distribution company founder

Encarnacion Rosa Scott
Edna Williams

distribution company managing director

Encarnacion Rosa Scott

distribution company owner

Edna Williams

distributors

Renée Deliot
Esther Eng
Elvira Giallanella
Ray Lewis
Elvira Notari
Ellen O’Mara Sullivan
Mary Pickford
Encarnacion Rosa Scott
Adriënne Solser
Helen Wang
Maria P. Williams
Edna Williams

documentary makers

Aloha Wanderwell Baker
Thea Červenková
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Adriana Ehlers
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Dolores Ehlers
Jenny Gilbertson
Paulette McDonagh
Elizabeth Chevalier Pickett
Esfir Shub
Eliane Tayar
Carmen Toscano
Wanda Tuchock
Elena Sánchez Valenzuela

dramaturges

Ida Jenbach

dressmakers

Dorothy Gordon

editors

Nina Agadzhanova-Shutko
Dorothy Arzner
Hettie Gray Baker
Aloha Wanderwell Baker
Ruth Ann Baldwin
Anne Bauchens
Ouida Bergère
Marguerite Bertsch
Margaret Booth
Madeline Brandeis
Marvin Breckinridge
Beta Breuil
Virgínia de Castro e Almeida
Mrs. George Randolph Chester
Haydée Chikly
Kate Corbaley
Lucie Derain
Mona Donaldson
Winifred Dunn
Winnifred Eaton
Marion Fairfax
Jenny Gilbertson
Eloyce King Patrick Gist
Máirín Hayes
Lydia Hayward
Katharine Hilliker
Eugenie Magnus Ingleton
Julia Crawford Ivers
Viola Lawrence
Sonya Levien
Jane Loring
Louise Lovely
Lottie Lyell
Frederica Sagor Maas
June Mathis
Bess Meredyth
Dorothea Mitchell
Irene Morra
Alla Nazimova
Mary O’Connor
Ida May Park
Louella Parsons
Ol’ga Rakhmanova
Josephine Rector
Marguerite Renoir
Alma Reville
Tazuko Sakane
Blanche Sewell
Nell Shipman
Esfir Shub
Rose Smith
Gertrude Homan Thanhouser
Carmen Toscano
Eve Unsell
Helen Wang
Esterina Zuccarone

editorial directors

Marion Fairfax

entrepreneur

Teresita Arce
Helena Cortesina
Beatrice deMille
Elizabeth B. Grimball
Possum Paddock (1921) Kate Howarde (d/w/prod). AUC
Kate Howarde
Alice Smythe Jay
Enid Lorimer
Ol’ga Rakhmanova
Lule Warrenton

equipment sales

Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Adriana Ehlers
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Dolores Ehlers

ethnographic filmmakers

Aloha Wanderwell Baker
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Adriana Ehlers
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Dolores Ehlers
Zora Neale Hurston
Osa Johnson
Kathleen Romoli

executives

Gertrude Homan Thanhouser

executive producers

June Mathis
Caroline Frances Pugliese
Gertrude Homan Thanhouser

executive secretaries

Gladys Rosson

exhibitors

Adelina Barrasa
Josephine Clement
Marie de Kerstrat
Anna Hofman-Uddgren
Ray Lewis
Caroline Frances Pugliese
Señora Spencer

experimental cinematographers

Maude Adams
Henderina Victoria Scott
Stella F. Simon

extras

Leah Baird
Cube Bonifant (a/o). PC
Cube Bonifant
Elinor Glyn
Dorothy Gordon
Diana Karenne
Hope Loring
Bess Meredyth
Fanchon Royer
Eliane Tayar
Alice Terry

family business partners

May Clark
Marie de Kerstrat
Margaret Hepworth
Isabel McDonagh
Phyllis McDonagh
Paulette McDonagh
Caroline Frances Pugliese
Señora Spencer

family film business partners

May Clark
Isabel McDonagh
Phyllis McDonagh
Paulette McDonagh
Caroline Frances Pugliese

fan magazine editors

Gladys Hall

fan magazine writers

Gladys Hall

film accompanists

Nina Agadzhanova-Shutko
Hazel Burnett
Greta Håkansson
Alice Smythe Jay

film actresses

Tsuru Aoki
Teresita Arce
Leah Baird
Dorothea Baird
Hettie Gray Baker
Aloha Wanderwell Baker
Bessie Barriscale
Laura Bayley
Ouida Bergère
Sarah Bernhardt
Francesca Bertini
Marian Constance Blackton
Paula Blackton
Cube Bonifant (a/o). PC
Cube Bonifant
Madeline Brandeis
Bianca Virginia Camagni
Carmen Cartellieri
Giulia Cassini-Rizzotto
Thea Červenková
Elsa Chauvel
Haydée Chikly
May Clark
Helena Cortesina
Grace Cunard
Mimí Derba
Marie Dressler
Mrs. Sidney Drew
Gerd Egede-Nissen
Ada Egede-Nissen
Aud Egede-Nissen
Nell Emerald
Fabienne Fabrèges
Fan Xuepeng
Dot Farley
Dorothy Farnum
Flora Finch
Cissy Fitzgerald
Helen Gardner
Gene Gauntier
Agnes Gavin
Angela Murray Gibson
Lillian Gish
Dorothy Gordon
Ethel Grandin
Corinne Griffith
Texas Guinan
Máirín Hayes
Lydia Hayward
Gale Henry
Margaret Hepworth
Anna Hofman-Uddgren
Helen Holmes
Possum Paddock (1921) Kate Howarde (d/w/prod). AUC
Kate Howarde
Alice Howell
Pearl Ing
Osa Johnson
Diana Karenne
Aili Kari
Helen Keller
Annette Kellerman
Aleksandra Khokhlova
Florence Lawrence
Marion Leonard
Anita Loos
Hope Loring
Louise Lovely
Josephine Lovett
Lottie Lyell
Mary MacLane
Jeanie Macpherson
Cleo Madison
Mary Manning
Frances Marion
Margaret Mayo
Vera McCord
Isabel McDonagh
Jackeydawra Melford
Georgette Méliès
Christiane Mendelys
Bess Meredyth
Beatriz Michelena
Dorothea Mitchell
Mae Murray
Musidora
Bedia Muvahhit
Alla Nazimova
Neyyire Neyir
Asta Nielsen
Mabel Normand
Elvira Notari
Harriet Parsons
Olga Petrova
Mary Pickford
Rosa Porten
Pu Shunqing
Ol’ga Rakhmanova
Natacha Rambova
Josephine Rector
Dorothy Davenport Reid
Lotte Reiniger
Cándida Beltrán Rendón
Marguerite Renoir
Alma Reville
Eslanda Robeson
Rosario Rodríguez de la Serna
Alice B. Russell
Emilia Saleny
Emilie Sannom
Carmen Santos
Adela Sequeyro
Nell Shipman
Stella F. Simon
Adriënne Solser
Anita Stewart
Ruth Stonehouse
Gloria Swanson
Daisy Sylvan
Constance Talmadge
Norma Talmadge
Kinuyo Tanaka
Eliane Tayar
Alice Terry
Gertrude Homan Thanhouser
Fay Tincher
Florence Turner
Elena Sánchez Valenzuela
Valda Valkyrien
Caroline van Dommelen
Cleo de Verberena
Helen Wang
Lule Warrenton
Lois Weber
Pearl White
Maria P. Williams
Kathlyn Williams
Elsie Jane Wilson
Margery Wilson
Marion E. Wong
Xie Caizhen
Yang Naimei
Clara Kimball Young

film censors

Mona Donaldson
Marie Louise Gagner
Fernanda Nissen

film censorship board members

Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Adriana Ehlers

film colorists

Haydée Chikly
Marguerite Renoir

film company board members

Katri Viita

film company founding partners

Bessie Barriscale
Thea Červenková
Mimí Derba
Ethel Grandin
Louise Kolm-Fleck
Margaret Mayo
Ellen O’Mara Sullivan
Mary Pickford
Carmen Santos
Gertrude Homan Thanhouser
Cleo de Verberena

film company managing directors

Mary Murillo

film company owners

Maude Adams
Madeline Brandeis
Virgínia de Castro e Almeida
Thea Červenková
Helena Cortesina
Renée Deliot
Aud Egede-Nissen
Fan Xuepeng
Flora Finch
Cissy Fitzgerald
Helen Gardner
Elvira Giallanella
Angela Murray Gibson
Elinor Glyn
Alice Guy Blaché
Alice Smythe Jay
Diana Karenne
Asta Nielsen
Elvira Notari
Ellen O’Mara Sullivan
Olga Petrova
Rosario Rodríguez de la Serna
Adela Sequeyro
Nell Shipman
Adriënne Solser
Fay Tincher
Florence Turner
Cleo de Verberena
Lois Weber
Yang Naimei

film company shareholder

Encarnacion Rosa Scott

film company treasurer

Isabel Acuña

film company vice presidents

Isabel Acuña

film critics

Iris Barry
Cube Bonifant (a/o). PC
Cube Bonifant
Thea Červenková
Mabel Condon
Lucie Derain
María Luz Morales Godoy
Caroline Lejeune
Ray Lewis
Leila Lewis
Mary Manning
Christiane Mendelys
Mary Lawton Metcalfe
Fanchon Royer
Matilde Serao
Eliane Tayar
Beatrice Maude Tildesley
Elena Sánchez Valenzuela
Gabriela von Bussenius Vega

film curator

Iris Barry
Mary Lawton Metcalfe

film cutters

Dorothy Arzner
Aloha Wanderwell Baker
Margaret Booth
Haydée Chikly
Mona Donaldson
Julia Crawford Ivers
Viola Lawrence
Jane Loring
Bess Meredyth
Irene Morra
Blanche Sewell

film dealers

Encarnacion Rosa Scott

film historians

María Luz Morales Godoy

film magazine editor

Neyyire Neyir
Fanchon Royer

film magazine writer

Mabel Condon

film music company owner

Alice Smythe Jay

film printing company managing director

Encarnacion Rosa Scott

film renters

Encarnacion Rosa Scott

film scholars

Mary Lawton Metcalfe
Frances Taylor Patterson

film society co-founder

Lucie Derain
Mary Manning
Dorothea Mitchell
Beatrice Maude Tildesley

film society secretary

Mary Manning
Beatrice Maude Tildesley

film theorists

Mary Lawton Metcalfe

filmmaker

Aloha Wanderwell Baker
Marvin Breckinridge
Thea Červenková
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Adriana Ehlers
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Dolores Ehlers
Jenny Gilbertson
Zora Neale Hurston
Osa Johnson
Paulette McDonagh
Dorothea Mitchell
Elizabeth Chevalier Pickett
Kathleen Romoli
Audrey Forfar Shippam
Esfir Shub
Eliane Tayar
Carmen Toscano
Wanda Tuchock
Elena Sánchez Valenzuela

forewoman

Esterina Zuccarone

gossip columnists

Louella Parsons

government department heads

Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Adriana Ehlers
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Dolores Ehlers

government film agency directors

May Watkis

guild co-founders

Adele S. Buffington
Ida Jenbach
Jane Murfin

guild shareholder

Mary O’Connor

head of productions

Gurly Drangsholt

head of studio research department

Elizabeth McGaffey

historians

María Luz Morales Godoy
Kathleen Romoli

illustrator

Lotte Reiniger

independent exhibitors

Marie de Kerstrat

international women's organizations film correspondents

Beatrice Maude Tildesley

inventor

Alice Smythe Jay

investor

Pearl Ing
Marguerite Viel

journalists

Nina Agadzhanova-Shutko
Iris Barry
Marvin Breckinridge
Thea Červenková
Haydée Chikly
Mabel Condon
Helena Smith Dayton
Winnifred Eaton
Emma Gendron
Elinor Glyn
María Luz Morales Godoy
Ruth Goetz
Gladys Hall
Katharine Hilliker
Drusilla Dunjee Houston
Ida Jenbach
Ray Lewis
Leila Lewis
Mary Manning
Phyllis McDonagh
Elizabeth McGaffey
Mary Lawton Metcalfe
Neyyire Neyir
Fernanda Nissen
Louella Parsons
Harriet Parsons
Rosa Porten
Natacha Rambova
Ángela Ramos de Rotalde
Adela Rogers St. Johns
Fanchon Royer
Adela Sequeyro
Matilde Serao
Eliane Tayar
Beatrice Maude Tildesley
Elena Sánchez Valenzuela
Caroline van Dommelen
Gabriela von Bussenius Vega
Marija Jurić Zagorka

laboratory workers

May Clark
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Adriana Ehlers
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Dolores Ehlers
Esterina Zuccarone

lecturers

Aloha Wanderwell Baker
Cora Johnstone Best
Jessica Elvira Borthwick
Alice Guy Blaché
Osa Johnson
Mary Lawton Metcalfe
Maria P. Williams

lighting technology engineers

Maude Adams

literary advisor

Winnifred Eaton

location scout

Frances Baker Farrell
Lettice Ramsey

magazine editor

Mabel Condon
Gladys Hall
Ray Lewis
Mary Manning
Neyyire Neyir
Fanchon Royer

make-up supervisor

Isabel Acuña
Elsa Chauvel

managers

Josephine Clement
Marie de Kerstrat
Georgette Méliès
Mary O’Connor
Maria P. Williams

metalworker

Esterina Zuccarone

miscellaneous crew

Mary Manning

motion picture exhibitors

Adelina Barrasa
Josephine Clement
Marie de Kerstrat
Caroline Frances Pugliese
Señora Spencer

movie theatre ticket cashiers

Adele S. Buffington

music hall performers

Nell Emerald
Musidora
Florence Turner
Pearl White

musical comedy actresses

Dot Farley
Possum Paddock (1921) Kate Howarde (d/w/prod). AUC
Kate Howarde
Bess Meredyth
Olga Petrova
Adriënne Solser

musicians

Nina Agadzhanova-Shutko
Hazel Burnett
Mimí Derba
Corinne Griffith
Greta Håkansson
Drusilla Dunjee Houston
Alice Smythe Jay
Christiane Mendelys
Beatriz Michelena
Cándida Beltrán Rendón
Alice B. Russell
Anita Stewart
Edna Williams

newspaper editors

María Luz Morales Godoy

newsreel camerawoman

Angela Murray Gibson

nonfiction filmmaker

Audrey Forfar Shippam

novelists

Gertrude Atherton
Sarah Bernhardt
Bertha Muzzy Bower
Lenore Coffee
Beulah Marie Dix
Winnifred Eaton
Elinor Glyn
Ruth Goetz
Zora Neale Hurston
Anita Loos
Gwladys, Marchioness of Townshend
Bess Meredyth
Lorna Moon
Elizabeth Chevalier Pickett
Rosa Porten
Adela Rogers St. Johns
Anita Stewart
Gabriela von Bussenius Vega
Thea von Harbou
Anzia Yezierska
Dorothy Yost

office managers

Aili Kari

painters

Sarah Bernhardt
Helena Smith Dayton

pantomime

Christiane Mendelys

personal assistants

Katharine Hilliker
Zora Neale Hurston

photographers

Aloha Wanderwell Baker
Jessica Elvira Borthwick
Madeline Brandeis
Marvin Breckinridge
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Adriana Ehlers
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Dolores Ehlers
Osa Johnson
Nancy Naumburg
Lettice Ramsey
Audrey Forfar Shippam
Stella F. Simon

play brokers

Beatrice deMille

play readers

Elizabeth McGaffey
Eve Unsell

playwrights

Thea Červenková
Lenore Coffee
Sada Cowan
Beatrice deMille
Beulah Marie Dix
Marion Fairfax
Emma Gendron
Elizabeth B. Grimball
Katharine Hilliker
Possum Paddock (1921) Kate Howarde (d/w/prod). AUC
Kate Howarde
Zora Neale Hurston
Agnes Christine Johnston
Bradley King
Ray Lewis
Anita Loos
Mary Manning
Gwladys, Marchioness of Townshend
Margaret Mayo
Lorna Moon
Jane Murfin
Nancy Naumburg
Olga Printzlau
Pu Shunqing
Natacha Rambova
Carmen Toscano
Margaret Turnbull
Caroline van Dommelen
Gabriela von Bussenius Vega

poets

Ray Lewis
Adela Sequeyro
Carmen Toscano

preservationists

Iris Barry
Carmen Toscano
Elena Sánchez Valenzuela

producers

Isabel Acuña
Tsuru Aoki
Leah Baird
Aloha Wanderwell Baker
Bessie Barriscale
Sarah Bernhardt
Francesca Bertini
Madeline Brandeis
Beta Breuil
Bianca Virginia Camagni
Carmen Cartellieri
Giulia Cassini-Rizzotto
Virgínia de Castro e Almeida
Thea Červenková
Elsa Chauvel
May Clark
Helena Cortesina
Helena Smith Dayton
Mimí Derba
Marie Dressler
Mrs. Sidney Drew
Aud Egede-Nissen
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Adriana Ehlers
Adriana and Dolores Ehlers (d/o). RNICMC
Dolores Ehlers
Nell Emerald
Esther Eng
Marion Fairfax
Fan Xuepeng
Flora Finch
Cissy Fitzgerald
Helen Gardner
Gene Gauntier
Elvira Giallanella
Angela Murray Gibson
Jenny Gilbertson
Eloyce King Patrick Gist
Elinor Glyn
Ethel Grandin
Corinne Griffith
Elizabeth B. Grimball
Texas Guinan
Alice Guy Blaché
Gale Henry
Helen Holmes