June Mathis

by Virginia Wright Wexman

Once called the most powerful woman in Hollywood, June Mathis is known to have written or cowritten the screenplays of one hundred and fourteen produced features. Yet she is a shadowy figure today. Though one can find summaries of her biography in studio publicity releases of the day and puff pieces in the fan press, apart from these notoriously unreliable sources, little is known about her life. Her greatest moment of fame came when she died suddenly while attending a play with her mother at a New York theatre. The New York Times reported her dramatic demise in a front page headline: “June Mathis Heart Victim.”

June Mathis (w/e/d/p). PC

Portrait, June Mathis. Private Collection. 

June Mathis (w/e/d/p). PC

June Mathis holding a book. Private Collection.

June Mathis. writer-producer. NYPL

June Mathis at desk. Courtesy of the New York Public Library. 

Mathis was one of several prolific women screenwriters of the silent era, in a group that included Frances Marion, Bess Meredyth, Anita Loos, and Jeanie Macpherson. Like many of her female colleagues, she worked not in splendid isolation but in tandem with others. She cowrote most of her scripts and specialized in star vehicles as well as adaptations of literary and stage successes. Ascertaining the precise contributions she made to films associated with her name is further complicated, however, by that fact that she is frequently credited in the form of ambiguously worded phrases like “adaptation by…,” “story by…,” “titles by…,” “continuity by…,” “dialogue by…,” “editorial supervision by…,” and so forth. Further, surviving scripts of films she was associated with are often unattributed, with no author(s) name(s) indicated on the typescripts. Correspondence contained in the Warner Bros. Archive at the University of Southern California suggests that Mathis left numerous unproduced scripts in various stages of completion at her death, but what has become of these is a mystery.

June Mathis (w/e/a/d/p),NYPL

Portrait, June Mathis. Courtesy of the New York Public Library. 

In addition to writing, Mathis was also a production executive; as such her influence was widely felt throughout the industry. The titles she held at Goldwyn Pictures, Metro Pictures, and Famous Players-Lasky Film Corporation included “artistic supervisor” and “editorial director.” Such positions ceased to exist in the years that followed; but as far as one can tell, they involved overseeing the development of motion picture scripts, supervising activities on the set, and presiding over the editing process, duties studio producers commonly assumed during the 1930s.

Core General Goldwyn Pictures Corporation Group Pictures. AMPAS

Core General Goldwyn Pictures Corporation Group Pictures. Courtesy of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences, Margaret Herrick Library. 

Mathis is perhaps best remembered for having discovered Rudolph Valentino, casting the then-unknown bit player in the lead role in The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse in 1921 and thereby creating a newly exotic and sexually dangerous image of the screen lover. Mathis was the primary architect of Valentino’s career, according to Thomas Slater and Fr. Alcuin Siebenand. She directed him in Four Horsemen (even though Rex Ingram was the credited director on the film), writing follow-up vehicles for him (The Conquering Power, 1921; Blood and Sand, 1922; The Young Rajah, 1922), and acting as mentor to the star until their friendship was broken up by Valentino’s wife Natacha Rambova (Leider 2003, 323–24). In 1924, after the rift, Mathis married Sylvano Balboni, an Italian cameraman who resembled Valentino. But she kept her ties to the star and, when he died suddenly in 1926, she arranged for him to be buried in her family crypt in the Hollywood cemetery. She is interred in the vault next to his. 

Core General Pictures Corp. June Mathis (second from left, bottom row). AMPAS

Core General Pictures Corp. June Mathis (second from left, bottom row). Courtesy of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences, Margaret Herrick Library. 

Mathis’s relationship with Valentino was closely connected with her participation in actress Alla Nazimova’s “8080 club,” a social circle that included both Valentino and Rambova and that functioned as a center of lesbian life in Hollywood during the early 1920s (Lambert 1997, 218). Nazimova, who had achieved great fame on the stage as a tragedienne, collaborated with Mathis on several films, including Eye for Eye (1918), Out of the Fog (1919), The Red Lantern (1919), The Brat (1919), and Camille (1921). In these endeavors, Mathis was undoubtedly the minor voice whose contribution supported the artistic vision of her strong-willed collaborator. Material documenting the nature and extent of the Mathis-Nazimova collaborations is contained in the Nazimova archive in Columbus, Georgia, but the archive is currently unavailable to scholars. The versatile Mathis also played handmaiden to two other major women stars whose talents lay in the realm of comedy. For Colleen Moore, the tireless screenwriter penned Sally (1925), The Desert Flower (1925), We Moderns (1925), and Irene (1926); and for Corinne Griffith, she wrote Classified (1925).

June Mathis (w) w/ Sylvano Balboni (d) The Masked Woman (1927), PC

June Mathis with Sylvano Balboni, director of The Masked Woman (1927). Private Collection.

The administrative skills and collaborative spirit Mathis brought to such undertakings did not always enable her to triumph over the fractious, ego-driven climate that prevailed in the Hollywood industry, and she has been scapegoated by posterity for the derailment of a few of the era’s major productions. French film scholar George Sadoul singled her out as the “butcher” who edited Greed (1925), though evidence shows that she championed both the project and its willful director Erich Von Stroheim from the outset (Slater 133). And though Mathis was held responsible by Irving Thalberg when the ill-fated megaproduction Ben-Hur fell to pieces under her supervision while on location in Italy in 1924, the problems that arose appear to have been caused not by Mathis but by labor slowdowns and the imperious behavior of the film’s original director Charles Brabin (Brownlow 1968, 385–414; Keel 32-33, 101).

Core General Metros Pictures Corp. AMPAS

Core General Metros Pictures Corp. Courtesy of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences, Margaret Herrick Library. 

As a potential subject of auteurist analysis, Mathis presents obvious difficulties. Most of her scripts were cowritten with others, and many were adaptations of popular novels and plays of the day. To a degree, however, many of these diverse projects reflect a distinct sensibility that can be identified with Mathis herself. Many feature high melodrama and a fascination with mysticism and spiritualism as well as with geographically and historically distant locales. Though most display the ethnic and gender stereotyping that permeated popular discourse at the time, films like the extant The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921), Blood and Sand (1922), and The Spanish Dancer (1923) are marked by imaginative daring in their conceptions and skilled craftsmanship in their plot construction. These films, along with others from the Mathis oeuvre, stand as quintessential expressions of the taste for stylized and otherworldly fantasies that characterized the 1920s, but they also betray a distinctive flair that was Mathis’s own.

See also: Alla Nazimova, Natacha Rambova

valent-rajah.Mathis

Poster, The Young Rajah (1922), written by June Mathis.

The Four Horsemen

Poster, The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921), written by June Mathis.

Bibliography

Benthall, Dwinelle. “Which Road Leads to Happiness?” Motion Picture Magazine (Dec. 1926): 30-31, 119-22.

Hall, Gladys, and Adele Whitely Fletcher. “We Discovered Who Discovered Valentino.” Motion Picture Magazine (April 1923): 20-22, 93-95.

“June Mathis.” Employee Biography Sheet. Goldwyn. 29 Nov. 1922. June Mathis clippings file. Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences, Margaret Herrick Library.

“June Mathis Heart Victim.” New York Times (28 July 1927): 19.

Keel, A. Chester. “The Fiasco of ‘Ben Hur.’” Photoplay (Nov. 1924): 32-33, 101.

Mathis, June. “Harmony in Picture Making.” Film Daily (6 May 1923): 5.

------.“Scenario Writers Must Find Theme.” New York Times (15 Apr. 1923): Sec. 7, 3.

------.“Tapping the Thought Wireless.” Moving Picture World (21 July 1917): 409.

------. “The ‘Wave Length’ of Success.” Motion Picture Director (Feb. 1927): 22.

------. Day of Faith synopsis (1923), In the Palace of the King synopsis (1923). In What Women Wrote: Scenarios, 1912 – 1929. Eds. Ann Martin and Virginia Clark.Microfilm. University Publications of America, 1987.

Siebenand, Fr. Alcuin. “June Mathis Balboni: Initial Research on her life and Contributions.” Unpublished ms. n.d., 16 pp. June Mathis scripts and scenarios. Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences, Margaret Herrick Library.

Slater, Thomas J. “June Mathis: A Woman Who Spoke Through Silents.” Griffithiana vol. 18 no. 53 (May 1995): 133-155.

Van Vranken, Frederick. “Women’s Work in Motion Pictures.” Motion Picture (Aug. 1923): 28-29, 89-91.

Archival Paper Collections:

Alla Nazimova Papers. Glesca Marshall Library, Springer Opera House.

June Mathis clippings file. Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences, Margaret Herrick Library.

June Mathis scripts and scenarios. Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences, Margaret Herrick Library.

Nazimova collection, 1877-1988. Library of Congress, Manuscript Division.

Filmography

A. Archival Filmography: Extant Film Titles:

1. June Mathis as Screenwriter

God’s Half Acre. Dir.: Edwin Carewe, sc.: June Mathis, st.: Shannon Fife (Rolfe Photoplays, Inc. US 1916) cas.: Mabel Taliaferro, John Smiley, J. W. Johnston, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: Library of Congress [USW].

Blue Jeans. Dir.: John H. Collins, sc/adp.: June Mathis, Charles A Taylor (Metro Pictures Corp./ Special Production DeLuxe US 1917) cas.: Viola Dana, Robert Walker, Sally Crute, si, b&w, 35mm. Archives: George Eastman Museum [USR], Danske Filminstitut [DKK], Harvard Film Archive [USI].

Eye for Eye. Dir.: Albert Capellani, sc.: June Mathis (Nazimova Productions US 1918) cas.: Alla Nazimova, Sally Crute, Miriam Battista, si, b&w. Archive: Gosfilmofond of Russia [RUR], Lobster Films [FRL].

The Call of Her People. Dir. John W. Noble, sc. June Mathis (Columbia Pictures Corp. US 1917) cas.: Ethel Barrymore, Robert Whittier, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: George Eastman Museum [USR].

His Father’s Son. Dir.: George D. Baker, sc: June Mathis (Rolfe Photoplays, Inc. US 1917) cas: Lionel Barrymore, Irene Howley, Frank Currier, si, b&w. Archive: Centre National du Cinéma et de l’Image Animée [FRB].

The Iced Bullet. Dir. Charles Swickard, sc.: June Mathis, Luther Reed (Kay-Bee US 1917) cas.: William Desmond, Robert McKim, J. Barney Sherry, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: Library of Congress [USW].

Somewhere in America/The Rose of the Alley. Dir.: William C. Dowlan, sc.: June Mathis (Rolfe Photoplays, Inc. US 1917) cas: Thomas J. Carrigan, Francine Larrimore, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: George Eastman Museum [USR].

Threads of Fate. Dir.: Eugene Nowland, sc. June Mathis (Columbia Pictures Corp. US 1917) cas.: Viola Dana, Augustus Phillips, si, b&w.  Archives: Library and Archives Canada [CAO], Library of Congress [USW].

Social Hypocrites. Dir.: Albert Capellani, sc.: June Mathis, Albert Capellani (Metro Pictures Corp., US 1918) cas.: May Allison, Marie Wainwright, si, b&w, 35mm. Archives: Cinema Museum [GBC], Centre National du Cinéma et de l’Image Animée [FRB], Lobster Films [FRL].

The Trail to Yesterday. Dir. Edwin Carewe, sc.: June Mathis. (Metro Pictures Corp. US 1918) cas.: Bert Lytell, Anna Q. Nilsson, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: EYE Filmmuseum [NLA].

The Brat [trailer]. Dir. Herbert Blaché; sc. Alla  Nazimova, ttl: June Mathis (Nazimova Productions, Screen Classics, Inc. US 1919) cas: Alla Nazimova, Charles Bryant, si, b&w, 35mm. Archives: BFI National Archive [GBB].

Lombardi, LTD. Dir.: Jack Conway, sc.: June Mathis (Screen Classic, Inc. US 1919) cas.: Bert Lytell, Alice Lake, Vera Lewis, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: George Eastman Museum [USR].

The Red Lantern. Dir.: Albert Capellani, sc.: June Mathis, Albert Capellani (Nazimova Productions US 1919) cas.: Alla Nazimova, Mrs. McWade, Virginia Rose, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: Cinémathèque Royale de Belgique [BEB], Gosfilmofond of Russia [RUR].

Hearts Are Trumps. Dir. Rex Ingram; sc. June Mathis (Metro Pictures, Corp US 1920) cas.: Winter Hall, Frank Brownlee, Alice Terry, si, b&w. Archive. Cinémathèque Royale de Belgique [BEB].

The Saphead. Dir.: Herbert Blaché, st: Winchell Smith, sc.: June Mathis (Metro Pictures Corp. US 1920) cas.: Buster Keaton, William H. Crane, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: Library of Congress [USW], National Film and Sound Archive of Australia [AUC], Lobster Films [FRL].

The Willow Tree. Dir.: Henry Otto, sc./adp.: June Mathis (Screen Classics, Inc. US 1920) cas.: Viola Dana, Edward Connelly, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: George Eastman Museum [USR].

Camille. Prod. : Alla Nazimova, dir.: Ray C. Smallwood, sc.: June Mathis, ard./cos: Natacha Ramobova (Nazimova Productions US 1921) cas.: Alla Nazimova, Patsy Ruth Miller, Rudolph Valentino, si, b&w. 35mm., 6 reels; 5700 ft. Archive: Fondazione Cineteca Italiana [ITC], George Eastman Museum [USR], Library of Congress [USW], UCLA Film and Television Archive [USL].

The Conquering Power. Dir./prod.: Rex Ingram, sc./ adp.: June Mathis. (Metro Pictures Corp. Metro Special US 1921) cas.: Alice Terry, Rudolph Valentino, Eric Mayne,  si, b&w, 35mm. & 16mm., 7 reels. Archives: Cinémathèque Française [FRC], UCLA Film and Television Archive [USL], George Eastman Museum [USR].

The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. Dir.: Rex Ingram, sc.: June Mathis (Metro Pictures Corp. US, 1921) cas.: Alice Terry, Rudolph Valentino, Pomeroy Cannon, si, b&w, 35mm & 16mm., 7 reels.  Archive: Centre National du Cinéma et de l’Image Animée [FRB], Cinémathèque Royale de Belgique [BEB], George Eastman Museum [USR], Museum of Modern Art [USM], BFI National Archive [GBB], Cineteca Nazionale [ITN], Instituto Valenciano de Cinematografia [ESV], Filmoteca Española [ESM], Jugoslovenska Kinoteka [YUB], Lobster Films [FRL], Library of Congress [USW].

The Idle Rich. Dir. Maxwell Karger, sc./adp.: June Mathis. (Metro Pictures Corp. US 1921) cas.: Bert Lytell, Virginia Valli, si, b&w, 35mm., 5 reels. Archive: George Eastman Museum [USR].

A Trip to Paradise. Dir.: Maxwell Karger, sc.: June Mathis, adp.: Benjamin F. Glazer. (Metro Pictures Corp. US 1921) cas.: Bert Lytell, Virginia Valli, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive : BFI National Archive [GBB].

Blood and Sand. Dir.: Fred Niblo, sc. June Mathis (Famous Players-Lasky Corp. US 1922) cas.: Rudolph Valentino, Lila Lee, Nita Naldi, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: Centre National du Cinéma et de l’Image Animée [FRB], Cinémathèque Royale de Belgique [BEB], Fondazione Cineteca di Bologna [ITB], Filmoteka Narodowa [PLW], George Eastman Museum [USR], Museum of Modern Art [USM], EYE Filmmuseum [NLA], UC Berkeley Art Museum & Pacific Film Archive [USB], Gosfilmofond of Russia [RUR], Cineteca Nazionale [ITN], Cineteca del Friuli [ITG], Instituto Valenciano de Cinematografia [ESV], UCLA Film and Television Archive [USL], Academy Film Archive [USF], Filmoteca Española [ESM], Cinémathèque Québécoise [CAQ], Jugoslovenska Kinoteka [YUB], Lobster Films [FRL].

Blood and Sand [trailer]. Dir.: Fred Niblo, sc. June Mathis (Famous Players-Lasky Corp. US 1922) cas.: Rudolph Valentino, Lila Lee, Nita Naldi, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: UCLA Film and Television Archive [USL].

Turn to the Right. Dir.: Rex Ingram, sc.: June Mathis, Mary O’Hara. (Metro Pictures Corp. US 1922) cas.: Alice Terry, Jack Mulhall, si, b&w, 35mm., 8 reels. Archive: George Eastman Museum [USR].

The Young Rajah [trailer]. Dir.: Philip Rosen, sc./adp.: June Mathis, cost./ard: Natacha Rambova,  (Famous Players-Lasky Corp. US 1922) cas.: Rudolph Valentino, Wanda Hawley, si, b&w. Archive: Cineteca Nazionale [ITN], UCLA Film and Television Archive [USL].

The Young Rajah. Dir.: Philip Rosen, sc./adp.: June Mathis, cost./ard: Natacha Rambova  (Famous Players-Lasky Corp. US 1922) cas.: Rudolph Valentino, Wanda Hawley, , si, b&w. Archive: Private Collection. The Spanish Dancer. Dir./prod.: Herbert Brennon, sc. /adp.: June Mathis, Beulah Marie Dix (Famous Players-Lasky Corp. US 1923) cas.: Pola Negri, Antonio Moreno, Wallace Beery, si, b&w, 9 reels, 8,434 ft.Archive: Cinémathèque Royale de Belgique [BEB], George Eastman Museum [USR], Gosfilmofond of Russia [RUR], Library of Congress [USW], Library and Archives Canada [CAO], EYE Filmmuseum [NLA], UCLA Film and Television Archive [USL], Filmoteca Española [ESM], Academy Film Archive [USF], Lobster Films [FRL].

Three Wise Fools. Dir.: King Vidor, sc.: June Mathis, adp.: John McDermott, James O’Hanlon, writer: King Vidor (Goldwyn Pictures US 1923) cas.: Claude Gillingwater, Eleanor Boardman, si, b&w. Archive: Cinémathèque Royale de Belgique [BEB].

Ben-Hur. (1925). Dir.: Fred Niblo, Ferdinand P. Earle, Charles J. Brabin, William Christy Cabanne, J.J. Cohn, Rex Ingram, adp.: June Mathis, sc./cont.: Carey Wilson, Bess Meredyth, ttl: Katherine Hilliker (Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Corp. US 1925) cas.: Ramon Novarro, Francis X. Bushman, May McAvoy, si, b&w/color, 35mm., 12 reels; 11,693 ft. Archive: Centre National du Cinéma et de l’Image Animée [FRB], Bulgarska Nacionalna Filmoteka [BGS], Cineteca del Friuli [ITG], Filmoteka Narodowa [PLW], George Eastman Museum [USR], BFI National Archive [GBB], EYE Filmmuseum [NLA], Cinémathèque Royale de Belgique [BEB], Cinemateca Romana [ROB], UCLA Film and Television Archive [USL], Harvard Film Archive [USI], National Film and Sound Archive of Australia [AUC], Lobster Films [FRL], Library of Congress [USW], Danske Filminstitut [DKK].

Ben-Hur [Trailer] (1925). Dir.: Fred Niblo (Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Corp. US 1925) si, b&w, 35mm & 16mm. Archive: Cineteca del Friuli [ITG], Library of Congress [USW], National Film and Sound Archive of Australia [AUC].

The Greater Glory/The Viennese Medley [trailer]. Dir.: Curt Rehfeld, sc.: June Mathis. (First National Pictures US 1926) cas.: Conway Tearle, Anna Q. Nilsson, May Allison, si, b&w. Archive: George Eastman Museum [USR].

2. June Mathis as Screenwriter/Editor

Classified. Dir.: Alfred Santell, st.: Edna Ferber, sc./ed.: June Mathis (Corinne Griffith Prod. US 1925) cas.: Corinne Griffith, Jack Mulhall, Ward Crane, Carroll Nye, si, b&w, 35mm, 7 reels, 5,585 ft. Archive: Library of Congress [USW].

Greed. Dir./sc./adp.: Erich von Stroheim, ttl.: June Mathis, ed.: Joseph Farnhan, Eric Von Stroheim, Rex Ingram, June Mathis (Metro-Goldwyn Pictures Corp. US 1925) cas.: Gibson Gowland, ZaSu Pitts, Jean Hersholt, si, b&w; 35mm, 10 reels; 10,067 ft. Archive: Bulgarska Nacionalna Filmoteka [BGS], Cinémathèque Royale de Belgique [BEB], Cinemateca Brasileira [BRS], Cinemateca do Museu de Arte Moderna [BRR], Svenska Filminstitutet [SES] , National Film and Sound Archive of Australia [AUC], Cineteca del Friuli [ITG], George Eastman Museum [USR], Gosfilmofond of Russia [RUR], Museum of Modern Art [USM], BFI National Archive [GBB], EYE Filmmuseum [NLA], Österreichisches Filmmuseum [ATM], UC Berkeley Art Museum & Pacific Film Archive [USB], UCLA Film and Television Archive [USL], Cineteca Nazionale [ITN], Cinemateca Romana [ROB], Library of Congress [USW], Deutsches Filminstitut [DEW], Cinémathèque Française [FRC], Harvard Film Archive [USI], Library and Archives Canada [CAO], Danske Filminstitut [DKK], Museo Nazionale del Cinema [ITT], National Film and Sound Archive of Australia [AUC], Jugoslovenska Kinoteka [YUB], Lobster Films [FRL].

3. June Mathis as Editorial Director

Name the Man. Dir. Victor Sjöström, sc.: Paul Bern, ed.: June Mathis (Goldwyn Pictures US 1924) cas.: Mae Busch, Conrad Nagel, si, b&w. Archive: Cinémathèque Royale de Belgique [BEB], Svenska Filminstitutet [SES] , Gosfilmofond of Russia [RUR].

Three Weeks. Dir.: Alan Crosland, aut./sc.: Elinor Glyn, adp.: Carey Wilson, ed.: June Mathis (Goldwyn Pictures US 1924) cas.: Aileen Pringle, Conrad Nagel, si, b&w, 8 reels, 7,468 or 7,540 ft. Archive: Gosfilmofond of Russia [RUR].

The Girl From Montmartre. Dir.: Alfred E. Green, cont.: Eve Unsell, ed.: June Mathis, Al Hall (Associated Holding Corp. US 1926) cas.: Barbara La Marr, Lewis Stone, si, b&w, 35mm., 6 reels; 6,200 ft. Archive: George Eastman Museum [USR], UCLA Film and Television Archive [USL].

Irene. Dir.: Alfred E. Green, sc.: Rex Taylor, ed./ cont.: June Mathis (First National Pictures, Inc. US 1926) cas.: Colleen Moore, Lloyd Hughes, si, b&w/color, 35mm. Archive: George Eastman Museum [USR], Library of Congress [USW], Museum of Modern Art [USM], BFI National Archive [GBB].

B. Filmography: Non-Extant Film Titles:

1. June Mathis as Screenwriter

The Final Judgement, 1915; The Dawn of Love, 1916; Her Great Price, 1916; The Purple Lady, 1916; The Sunbeam, 1916; The Upstart, 1916;Aladdin’s Other Lamp, 1917; The Barricade, 1917; The Beautiful Lie, 1917; The Black Hand, 1917; Draft 258, 1917; The Jury of Fate, 1917; Lady Barnacle, 1917; A Magdalene of the Hills, 1917; The Millionare’s Double, 1917; Miss Robinson Crusoe, 1917; The Power of Decision, 1917; The Regeneration of Reginald, 1917; The Trail of the Shadow, 1917; The Voice of Conscience, 1917; A Wife by Proxy, 1917; The Brass Check, 1918; The Claim, 1918; Daybreak, 1918; The Eyes of Mystery, 1918; Five Thousand An Hour, 1918; The Great Victory, Wilson or the Kaiser?, 1918; His Bonded Wife, 1918; The House of Gold, 1918; The House of Mirth, 1918; Kildare of Storm, 1918; The Legion of Death, 1918; A Man’s World, 1918; Red, White and Blue Blood, 1918; Social Quicksands, 1918; A Successful Adventure, 1918; Sylvia on a Spree, 1918; To Hell with the Kaiser, 1918; Toys of Fate, 1918; The Winding Trail, 1918; The Winning of Beatrice, 1918; With Neatness and Dispatch, 1918; Almost Married, 1919; The Amateur Adventures, 1919; Blind Man’s Eyes, 1919; The Brat, 1919; The Divorcee, 1919; Fair and Warmer, 1919; The Island of Intrigue, 1919; Jeanne of the Gutter, 1919; Johnny-on-the-spot, 1919; The Man Who Stayed at Home, 1919; The Microbe, 1919; Out of the Fog, 1919; The Parisian Tigress, 1919; Satan Junior, 1919; Some Bride, 1919; The Way of the Strong, 1919; Why Germany Must Pay, 1919; Hearts Are Tramps, 1920; Old Lady 31, 1920; Parior, Bedroom and Bath, 1920; Polly with a Past, 1920; The Price of Redemption, 1920; The Right of Way, 1920; Secret Strings, 1920; The Silent Woman, 1920; The Walk-Offs, 1920; The Hole in the Wall, 1921; The Man Who, 1921; Hate, 1922; Kisses, 1922; The Golden Gift, 1922; The Day of Faith, 1923; In the Palace of the King, 1923; The Greatest Glory, 1925; An Affair of the Follies, 1927; The Magic Flame, 1927; The Masked Woman, 1927.

2. June Mathis as Editorial Director

Wild Oranges, 1924, The Desert Flower, 1925; The Marriage Whirl, 1925; What Fools Men, 1925; The Far Cry, 1926; Her Second Chance, 1926.

3. June Mathis as Screen Writer/ Editorial Director

Sally, 1925; We Moderns, 1925.

C. DVD Sources:

The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. DVD. (Delta Entertainment Corp. US 2006)

Greed. DVD. (Bach Films France 2013)

Avaricia/Greed. DVD. (Llamentol Spain 2012)

The Saphead. DVD. (Kino Classics US 2012)

Rudolph Valentino: The Great Lover. DVD.( Delta Entertainment US 2006) - includes The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921)

Valentino: Rediscovering an Icon of Silent Film. DVD. ( Flicker Alley US 2007) - includes The Young Rajah (1922)

Camille. DVD. (Grapevine Video US 2004)

Blood and Sand. DVD (Kino Lorber US 2001)

Blood and Sand. DVD. (Reel Enterprises 2006)

Blood and Sand. DVD. (Alpha Video US 2004)

Blood and Sand. DVD. (Instant Vision UK 2003)

Blood and Sand. DVD. (Synergy Entertainment US 2008)

Ben-Hur. DVD. (Warner Home Video, 2005) - 1925 version is included as an extra

D. Streamed Media:

Blood and Sand (1922) is streaming online via Amazon Video

Blood and Sand (1922) is streaming online via Kanopy

Ben-Hur (1925) is streaming online via Amazon Video

The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921) is streaming on Amazon Prime

Excerpt of The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921):

Blood and Sand (1922) (with Dutch intertitles)

Trailer for EYE Filmmuseum's recent restoration of The Spanish Dancer (1922)

Credit Report

Compiling credits for June Mathis is a bit complicated. While sources from the 1920s claim that she produced over 150 scripts, only two-thirds of that number can be documented. Extant films are also hard to verify. The film Somewhere in America has many elements from The Rose of the Alley, which were re-edited and used for flashback sequences. The print exists as two incomplete double reels at George Eastman House. Material for Three Weeks is thought to exist at Gosfilmofond, though it can’t be confirmed. Three badly decomposed reels of Young Rajah were recently found in Europe and a recreation was attempted using part of the footage and stills, however, so little of the footage was usable, the film is still considered lost. While Spanish Dancer is listed as extant, the preservation material comes from a Kodascope home movie, which is a 5 reel cutdown from its original 9 reels. Dates of release are also inconsistent. A Trip to Paradise is listed as 1921 in nearly all sources, yet is listed as 1925 on FIAF. Greed is listed in various sources as 1923, 1924 and 1925. This may stem from the fact the film started production in 1923. The Hooded Falcon is sometimes listed on Mathis and Valentino filmographies, however, the film was never completed. Finally, FIAF lists June Mathis as a writer on The Iced Bullet, but this can’t be confirmed in any other source. The following extant prints are incomplete: The Call of Her People, Somewhere in America/The Rose of the Alley, Threads of Fate, The Trail to Yesterday, The Red Lantern. Three Wise Fools, Classified.

Citation

Wexman, Virginia Wright. "June Mathis." In Jane Gaines, Radha Vatsal, and Monica Dall’Asta, eds. Women Film Pioneers Project. New York, NY: Columbia University Libraries, 2013.  <https://doi.org/10.7916/d8-npcm-5927>

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